Contributed by: Rabbi Shaul
During the days preceding Pesah, the house should have been thoroughly cleaned. Any Hames which will be sold to a non-Jew should be put in a secure, secluded place. On the night before Ereb Pesah, at nightfall, the search for Hames is done, involving every part of the house where it might have been brought during the year. Areas to be cleaned and checked include: basement, attic, garage, especially children's pockets, lunch box, etc.
For the Hames search ("Bediqat Hames"), a candle or flashlight must be used. Before starting the search the blessing is recited. When the search is concluded the following declaration is recited: All Hames and bread in my possession which I have not removed, or have no knowledge of, shall be null and disowned as the dust of the earth. IF one does not understand the Aramaic text he can say it in English.
All bread and Hames that was found during the search has to be carefully preserved in a bag till the morning, when it is burned together with any Hames left over from breakfast. The second declaration is then said.